These tax and estate planning tips can help you efficiently transfer your money to the next generation despite the SECURE Act’s elimination of the stretch IRA.
In December 2019, the Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Act was signed into law by then-President Trump. In addition to a variety of retirement-related provisions, the SECURE Act included changes that may impact the estate plans of wealthy Americans.
Today, SECURE Act 2.0 is making headway in Congress. Meanwhile, many anticipate changes to the tax code as President Biden proposes tax hikes for the wealthy. Plus, many of the provisions included in the Tax Cut and Jobs Act are set to expire in 2025.
As these events unfold, now may be a good time to review your estate plan and look for possible tax planning opportunities.
Eliminating the “Stretch IRA”
The SECURE Act of 2019 made several notable changes to American retirement plans. Yet the elimination of the “stretch IRA” stands to meaningfully impact the estate plans of many affluent Americans.
Prior to 2020, a beneficiary who inherited a traditional IRA could stretch their required minimum distributions (RMDs) over their lifetime. Now, the SECURE Act gives non-spousal beneficiaries (with certain exceptions) a 10-year window to draw down the entire account balance. This can result in significant tax consequences for inheritors of large IRAs—especially those in the highest tax brackets.
The removal of the stretch provision eliminated a valuable estate planning strategy for many families. But there are other strategies you may want to consider building into your estate plan to minimize your heirs’ potential tax burden and preserve more of their inheritance.
The IRS allows individuals—regardless of income—to convert a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. With a Roth conversion, you pay taxes on the amount you convert in a given tax year at your ordinary income tax rate. You can then make withdrawals tax-free if you’re over age 59 ½ and satisfy the five-year rule.
Since Roth IRAs don’t have RMDs, you can let your funds grow tax-free until you need them or transfer them to a beneficiary. However, inherited Roth IRAs do have RMDs.
Therefore, you may want to consider a second step to ease your beneficiaries’ potential tax burden—for example, creating a trust for the benefit of your heirs and naming it as the beneficiary of your Roth IRA. Just keep in mind that with some of these strategies, you may end up bearing the tax consequences instead.
Charitable Remainder Unitrusts
Another alternative to the stretch IRA is to use a charitable remainder unitrust (CRUT). Unlike a charitable remainder trust, a CRUT allows the owner to make additional contributions after the first year. Additionally, the CRUT beneficiary isn’t required to make withdrawals.
You can fund a CRUT all at once with your entire IRA distribution or over several years. While the IRA distribution is taxable, you can offset the tax consequences with the tax deduction you get from funding the trust.
The trust then pays income to your beneficiaries over a maximum period of 20 years, and these payouts are taxable. However, stretching them out over many years can make the annual tax liability more manageable. At the end of the period, any remaining trust balance transfers to a qualifying charity of your choice.
As an additional step, you can buy a life insurance policy within the CRUT once you fund it. The conversion is tax-free, as are distributions to the trusts’ beneficiaries.
Consult an Estate Planning Attorney and Wealth Manager for More Tax and Estate Planning Tips
The SECURE Act of 2019 may indeed warrant a review of your estate plan. Yet major changes may not be necessary depending on your goals.
In addition, the strategies mentioned above aren’t exhaustive and may not be appropriate for you and your family. There may be alternative strategies that make more sense. Be sure to consult an estate planning attorney and wealth manager to ensure your estate plan is aligned with your objectives.
Sherwood Wealth Management works with affluent individuals and families in the Roaring Fork Valley with a specialty in inherited wealth. If you’re looking for a fiduciary financial advisor to help you plan your legacy, please schedule a call.